Varicose veins are large dilated tortuous, bulging veins that are often visible on the skin surface. These are caused by damaged valves inside the veins and with majority of the patients they will not be visible on the skins surface yet they are still lying below the surface. Having Varicose Veins can lead to poor circulation and are only visible with help of an ultrasound.
Spider Veins are smaller versions of varicose veins (Dilated capillaries) that usually appear on the skin’s surface as small, red to purple blood vessels that resemble a spider’s web. While spider veins rarely pose a medical problem when they are caused by hormonal changes, they often signal problems in the larger veins below the skin’s surface.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency is a medical condition in which the veins are unable to pump deoxygenated blood back to the heart. This is caused because the one way valves that are inside the veins are damaged (Incompetent) and this causes venous reflux (Blood pooling on the legs instead of returning in the heart) often resulting in chronic swelling of the legs, skin discoloration, Venous Eczema (itching), and Lipodermatosclerosis (Thin, shiny leathery skin ). If Venous Reflux is left untreated, it will cause Venous Ulcers (skin sores) and it can take years for them to heal.
Deep Vein Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot within a deep vein and can be a complication of varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency. Classic symptoms of deep vein thrombosis include swelling, pain, and redness of the affected area.
Varicose Veins and Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) have many symptoms in common: an urge to move your legs, that creepy-crawly feeling, itching, tingling and restlessness. These symptoms may be an indication of poor circulation, even though you have no visible varicose veins.
RLS is common in patients with both saphenous and nontruncal varicose vein disease, and can respond frequently and rapidly to EVLT and sclerotherapy.
Studies show that the treatment of venous insufficiency can relieve symptoms of restless leg syndrome. According to a study in the journal Phlebology, in patients with restless leg syndrome and venous insufficiency, 98% of patients experienced relief from restless legs syndrome symptoms by treating their venous insufficiency, and 80% had long-term relief.
This subpopulation of RLS sufferers should be considered for phlebological evaluation, venous insufficiency should be checked as a possible cause, as correction of the vein reflux provides long-term and likely permanent relief of symptoms before being consigned to chronic drug therapy with potential side effects.
Venous disease affects more than 80 million people in the United States .Chronic venous insufficiency affects more than 35 million people in the United States, and approximately 7 million exhibit serious symptoms like edema, skin changes and venous ulcers.